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Sacro Iliac joint pain is one of the most common causes of pain in the back. It is also sometimes referred to as SI joint pain. There are a number of reasons why the pain develops, but usually it can be easily treated and full movement of the affected joint will return.
There is not one single cause for pain within the Sacro Iliac joint. It could be due to a specific trauma, such as a fall, a biomedical mal-alignment, changes in hormone levels throughout pregnancy or an inflammatory disease within the joints. Movements such as sitting, lifting and bending can make an injury more painful. Whatever the cause of this hip pain, treatment is generally highly effective in relieving the symptoms and patients usually regain full use of the joint.
The symptoms of Sacro Iliac joint pain will usually be felt around the buttock and the bottom of the back. The lower back and hip pain will get worse when certain movements are made and it will feel like the joint has actually become blocked. Although these are the main areas where pain may be felt, this injury can also cause pain around the groin and rear of the thigh. However, it is very rare for any pain to occur beneath the knee level.
Generally, there is no medical or surgical form of treatment for Sacro Iliac joint pain. If you are feeling this type of back or hip pain, then you should first consult your GP who will be able to refer you to a specialist. In the initial stages of the injury, it’s vital that you rest the affected area.
Manual therapy is one of the most effective ways of treating the injury. During a course of treatment, any abnormal stresses will be removed from the ligaments around the joint. This is designed to enable the joint to function as normal once again. Once this movement has been regained, a more extensive rehabilitation programme can be planned. The whole treatment process will focus on the specific muscles that are causing the pain and will vary between different patients.
While the injury is healing, you may wish to wear a joint support to help reduce the pain and improve your posture. Another way of relieving the pressure on the painful joints, is to follow a course of water based exercises, which put less stress on the body.
One of the easiest ways of reducing your risk of developing Sacro Iliac joint pain is to look more closely at your posture. Having the correct posture when sitting, lifting, carrying and standing can help to prevent you getting into difficulties. Strength and stability exercises will also help to improve the function of your muscles and joints, reducing the risk of getting injured.
This type of back and hip pain can be extremely painful, especially if not dealt with correctly. If you think that you are suffering from Sacro Iliac pain, the sooner you seek advice the quicker your recovery will be.